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黑龙江鸡西市2016高考英语(二轮)阅读理解训练选编(2)及答案

作者:张晓迪 来源:整理 更新时间:2016-06-01 点击数:171 

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黑龙江鸡西市2016高考英语(二轮)阅读理解训练选编(2)及答案 【2015高考英语二诊考试】 请阅读下列短文,从每篇短文后所给各题的A,B,C,D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。 Why do we laugh and get amusement from so many different things,from puns (双关语) to pratfalls? Why are some things funny to some people and not to others? How is that while a successful joke can cause pleasure,a sick one can cause serious harm? Over the centuries,various scholars have attempted to produce a universally agreed-upon theory of humor.Plato and Aristotle introduced the superiority(优越感) theory,the idea that people laugh at the misfortune of others.Their theory seems to explain teasing,but it doesn’t work well for knock-knock jokes.Sigmund Freud argued for his relief theory,the concept that humor is a way for people to release psychological tension and reveal their inner fears and desires.His theory works well for dirty jokes,less well for most puns. The majority of humor expels today agree with the incongruity theory,the idea that humor arises when there’s a gap between what people expect to happen and what actually happens.Incongruity has a lot going for it — jokes with unexpected funny lines,for example,fit well.But scientists have found that in comedy,unexpectedness is overvalued. With the goal of developing a new,more satisfactory explanation,I produced “the gentle violation(违背)theory”,the idea that humor arises when something seems wrong or threatening,but is actually OK or safe.A dirty joke,for example,trades on moral or social violations,but it’s only going to get a laugh if the person listening is open enough to consider the subject OK to talk about.Similarly,puns can be seen as linguistic violations that still make grammatical sense.

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